[Epub] ↠ Blood on Steel Author Michael Dennis – Morefreeinfo.info


Blood on Steel This is a solid, but rather short, history of the Little Steel Strike of 1937 It works as an introduction to the strike, and the strike s effects in Chicago which culminated in the Memorial Day Massacre , in which 10 striking workers and their family members were killed by the Chicago Police Department and another 60 to 100 people wounded.A little background The American Federation of Labor, founded in 1886, had focused only on organized highly skilled craft workers By the 1930s, however, mass production had supplanted skilled labor in most American industries A group of unions tried to organize industrially e.g., those unskilled mass production workers , and got ejected from the AFL They formed their own group, the Congress of Industrial Organization CIO on November 9, 1936.Steel production was America s biggest industry in the 1930s, and its wealthiest Three quarters of all production came from U.S Steel John L Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers of America as well as the CIO, hobnobbed with industry leaders One of those he knew was Myron Taylor, chairman of the board of directors of U.S Steel Lewis secretly met with Taylor, and they discussed Lewis commitment to organizing workers at U.S Steel Taylor, shocked at the massive inroads the Steel Workers Organizing Committee SWOC had made at his company, capitulated On March 2, 1937, U.S Steel On Memorial Day 1937, Thousands Of Steelworkers, Middle Class Supporters, And Working Class Activists Gathered At Sam S Place On The Southeast Side Of Chicago To Protest Republic Steel S Virulent Opposition To Union Recognition And Collective Bargaining By The End Of The Day, Ten Marchers Had Been Mortally Wounded And Than One Hundred Badly Injured, Victims Of A Terrifying Police Riot Sam S Place, The Headquarters For The Steelworkers, Was Transformed Into A Bloody And Frantic Triage Unit For Treating Heads Split Open By Police Batons, Flesh Torn By Bullets, And Limbs Mangled Badly Enough To Require Amputation While No One Doubts The Importance Of The Memorial Day Massacre, Michael Dennis Identifies It As A Focal Point In The Larger Effort To Revitalize American Equality During The New Deal In Blood On Steel, Dennis Shows How The Incident Captured On Film By Paramount Newsreels Validated The Claims Of Labor Activists And Catalyzed Public Opinion In Their Favor In The Aftermath Of The Massacre, Senate Hearings Laid Bare Patterns Of Anti Union Aggression Among Management, Ranging From Blacklists To Harassment And Vigilante Violence Companies Were Determined To Subvert The Right To Form A Union, Which Congress Had Finally Recognized In 1935 Only In The Following Year Would Congress Pass The Fair Labor Standards Act, Which Established A Minimum Wage And A Maximum Work Week, Outlawed Child Labor, And Regulated Hazardous Work Like The Wagner Act That Protected Collective Bargaining, This Law Aimed To Protect Workers Who Had Suffered The Worst Of What The Great Depression Had Inflicted Dennis S Wide Angle Perspective Reveals The Memorial Day Massacre As Not Simply Another Bloody Incident In The Long Story Of Labor Management Tension In American History But As An Illustration Of The Broad Based Movement For Social Democracy Which Developed In The New Deal Era.


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About the Author: Michael Dennis

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